Allan B.I. Bernardo

Allan B.I. BernardoAllan B. I. Bernardo is a cognitive psychologist and educational psychologist based in Manila, Philippines. He received his PhD in cognitive psychology in Yale University (1992), and has been teaching at De La Salle University since 1996.

His research interests are broad—ranging from cognitive psychology topics such as representation of number information among bilinguals, development of problem solving schemas, and factors affecting the components of mathematical problem solving to educational psychology topics such as the role of language, motivation, and non-cognitive variables on learning and achievement, and cognitive consequences of literacy practices. His most recent research interests relate to the role of culturally-rooted cognitions and beliefs on learning and achievement.

He has also been a strong advocate of promoting psychology research in the Philippines, serving as officer of the Psychological Association of the Philippines and the Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino (National Society for Philippine Psychology) for many years, and organising varied psychology conferences and activities in the country.

His works in psychology have been recognised in the Philippines. Most notably, the 2002 Achievement Award for Research by the National Research Council of the Philippines, and the 2003 The Outstanding Young Men Award for his works in Psychology and Education.

He was also awarded the Spencer Fellowship by the National Academy of Education (USA) and the International Award for Literacy Research by the UNESCO Institute for Education, both in 1996. In 2007, he was elected into the Philippines’ National Academy of Science and Technology, becoming the first psychologist elected into the prestigious group.

His recent publications include:

  • Bernardo, A. B. I. (2014). Hope in early adolescence: Measuring internal and external locus-of-hope. Child Indicators Research. Published online June 2014, doi:10.1007/s12187-014-9254-6
  • Bernardo, A. B. I., & Estrellado, A. F. (2014). Measuring hope in the Philippines: Validating the short version of the Locus-of-Hope Scale in Filipino. Social Indicators Research. Published online January 2014, doi:10.1007/s11205-013-0573-7
  • Bernardo, A. B. I., Clemente, J. A. R., & Liem, G. A. D. (2014, in press). Describing values of Filipino adolescents: A comparison with pan-cultural norms. Journal of Tropical Psychology, 4, doi:10.1017/jtp.2014.2

Credits to: Victoria University of Wellington

Published: 20 October 2014

Last update: 27 February 2015

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Lea Adams

Lea AdamsLea Adams specialises in Experimental Cognitive Psychology and enjoys focusing on the application of cognitive psychology on real world problems. She teaches General Psychology, courses related to Cognitive Psychology, and Research and Design at Shippensburg University. She earned her PhD in Vanderbilt University.

Prior to joining Shippensburg University, she worked as a Human Factors Psychologist in industry. Her current research interests include the impact of technology on critical thinking, the impact of memory retrieval strategies on problem solving, and the influence of critical thinking techniques on learning and memory.

Her recent publications include:

  • Griffith, J. D., Mitchell, S., Hart, C. L., Adams, L. T., & Gu, L. L. (2013). Pornography actresses: An assessment of the damaged goods hypothesis. Journal of sex research, 50(7), 621-632.
  • Sato, T., Harman, B. A., Adams, L. T., Evans, J. V., & Coolsen, M. K. (2013). The Cell Phone Reliance Scale: Validity and Reliability. Individual Differences Research, 11(3).
  • Griffith, J. D., Adams, L. T., Gu, L. L., Hart, C. L., & Nichols-Whitehead, P. (2012). Students’ attitudes toward statistics across the disciplines: A mixed methods approach. Statistics Education Research Journal, 1192, 45-46.

Credits to Shippensburg University

Published: 13 April 2014

Last update: 27 February 2015

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Craig Anderson

Craig AndersonCraig  Anderson grew up on a small family farm in northern Indiana. In his senior year he was named his high school’s Athelete of the Year and the region’s Kiwanis Club Athelete of the Year (following in his brother’s footsteps, the only siblings to have won this award). He graduated as the co-valedictorian. After graduating from high school he joined the US Army Reserve. He received his BA in psychology and sociology from Butler University in 1976. His MA in psychology from Stanford University was awarded in 1978; Lee Ross was his MA advisor. He received his PhD in psychology from Stanford University in 1980, with J. Merrill Carlsmith serving as his dissertation advisor.

Professor Anderson was an Assistant (1980-1985) and Associate (1985-1988) Professor at Rice University, and a Visiting Professor at Ohio State (1984-1985). He joined the University of Missouri-Columbia in 1988 and became Full Professor there in 1992. He has served on Faculty Councils at Rice (1987-1988) and at Missouri (1995-1996). He also served as Director of Graduate Studies for the Department of Psychology at Missouri from 1988-1996, and as Director of Graduate Admissions from 1988-1991. He was Faculty Advisor to Psi Chi (1991-1996) and to the Graduate Association of Students in Psychology (1992-1996). He also served as President, and incorporated the Stephen’s Elementary Parents’ Organization, 1994-1995.

He joined the Iowa State University faculty in 1999, as Professor and Chair of the Department of Psychology. In 2004, Professor Anderson was presented with the “Iowa State University Foundation Award for Outstanding Achievement in Research.” In 2005, he was awarded the title “Distinguished Professor,” the highest faculty honour given by Iowa State University. He served six years as Department Chair, completing his term in 2005.

In 2007, he founded the Centre for the Study of Violence, and currently serves as its Director.

Anderson’s main research interests are in social and personality psychology, with a strong emphasis on cognitive psychology. Most of his current research focuses on aggression. Most of that research focuses on the potentially harmful effects of exposure to violent video games. Other aggression research under way in his lab includes work on jealousy, attribution and appraisal processes, temperature effects, and effects of violent media of various types. For example,  Anderson and his colleagues have shown that hot temperatures increase aggressive behaviour under some circumstances, in both laboratory and field settings. This research has also shown that global warming will likely produce substantial increases in violent crime. Other research has shown how life experiences influence the way people think about guns, which in turn influences the effects of weapon primes on aggressive thoughts and behaviour. Still other research has shown that men who are prone to sexual aggression against women also tend to behave more aggressively against women in non-sexual ways, and that they specifically target women rather than other men.

Credits to Iowa State University

Published: 29 March 2014

Last update: 07 March 2015

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Ruth Ann Atchley

Ruth Ann AtchleyRuth Ann Atchley is the Department Chair and Associate Professor of Cognitive Psychology and Clinical Psychology at University of Kansas. She completed her PhD in 1997 at University of California, Riverside. Atchley is engaged in both psychophysiological and behavioural research designed to test neurolinguistic theories of language comprehension. More specifically, her work addresses issues of word comprehension, discourse comprehension, individual differences in language processing, and verbal creativity. Clinical extensions of my research include the study of language processing in individuals with ongoing or remitted Clinical Depression and the study of adults with a history of Developmental Language Disability. She is able to use data from these patient populations as a tool for understanding the representation of phonology, semantics, and emotional information in the lexicon of the two cerebral hemispheres.

Her publications include:

  • Atchley, R.A., & Kwasny, K. (2003). Using event related potentials to examine hemispheric differences in semantic processing. Brain and Cognition, 53, 133-138.
  • Atchley, R. A., Ilardi, S. S., & Enloe, A., (2003). Hemispheric asymmetry in the lexical processing of emotion: The effect of current and past depression. Brain and Language, 84(1), 105-119
  • Atchley, R.A., Story, J., Buchanan, L., (2001). Exploring the contribution of the cerebral hemispheres to language comprehension deficits in adults with developmental language disorder. Brain and Cognition. 46,16-20.

Credits to University of Kansas

Published: 27 March 2014

Last update: 23 April 2015

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Stacy Eltiti

Stacy EltitiStacy Eltiti completed her PhD in Cognitive Psychology at the University of Essex in the United Kingdom. She completed her MA at California State University, San Bernardino and her BA at California State University, Long Beach.

Following doctoral studies, she worked on several research grants. The most noteworthy of which,  investigated possible health effects from exposure to electromagnetic fields produced by cell phone base stations. At Biola University, Eltiti teaches both undergraduate and graduate courses in the areas of statistics, experimental, and cognitive psychology. Eltiti supervises both PhD research projects and PsyD doctoral papers. She also serves as co-chair of the Protection of Human Rights in Research Committee.

Her recent publications include:

  • Wallace, D., Eltiti, S., Ridgewell, A., Garner, K., Russo, R., Sepulveda, F., Walker, S. Quinlan, T., Dudley, S., Maung, S., Deeble, R., & Fox, E.  (2012).  Cognitive and physiological responses in humans exposed to a TETRA base station signal in relation to perceived electromagnetic hypersensitivity.  Bioelectromagnetics, 33, 23-39.  doi: 10.1002/bem.20681
  • Wallace, D., Eltiti, S., Ridgewell, A., Garner, K., Russo, R., Sepulveda, F., Walker, S. Quinlan, T., Dudley, S., Maung, S., Deeble, R., & Fox, E. (2010). Do TETRA (Airwave) base station signals have a short-term impact on health and well-being? A randomized double-blind provocation trial. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118, 735-741. doi: 10.1289/ehp.0901416
  • Eltiti, S., Wallace, D. Ridgewell, A., Zougkou, K., Russo, R., Sepulveda, F., & Fox, E. (2009). Short-term exposure to mobile phone base station signals does not affect cognitive functioning or physiological measures in individuals who report sensitive to electromagnetic fields and controls. Bioelectromagnetics, 30, 556-563. doi: 10.1002/bem.20504

Credits to Biola University

Published: 20 March 2014

Last update: 23 April 2015

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Chris Barry

Chris BarryChris Barry joined the Department of Psychology at University of Essex in November 2003. From 2000 to 2003, he was professor of cognitive psychology at the University of Kent (at Canterbury) and, from 1989 to 2000, was a lecturer, and then senior lecturer, in the School of Psychology at Cardiff University. He has a BSc Psychology from the University of London and a PhD from the University of St Andrews.

His research interests include the cognitive psychology (and neuropsychology) of aspects of language production; lexical selection in spoken word production (e.g., picture naming, reading aloud); Stroop and picture-word interference tasks; bilingual word production and language control; and written and typed word production.

His publications include:

  • Budd, M.J., Paulmann, S., Barry, C., Clahsen, H. (2013). Brain potentials during language production in children and adults: An ERP study of the English past tense. Brain and Language, 127, 345-355.
  • Bonin, P., Méot, A., Millotte, S., & Barry, C. (2013). Individual differences in adult handwritten spelling-to-dictation. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 402.
  • Bonin, P., Roux, S., Barry, C., & Canell, L. (2012). Evidence for a limited-cascading account of written word naming. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and
    Cognition, 38, 1741-1758.

Credits to University of Essex

Published: 20 March 2014

Last update: 28 February 2015

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Xiaolin Zhou

Xiaolin ZhouXiaolin Zhou is a professor of psychology, a member of the University Council, and the Director of the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Sciences at Peking University. After graduating from East China Normal University, he went to University of Cambridge in 1988 to study psychology of language. He was awarded PhD by University of Cambridge in 1992. Since then Zhou has worked in several institutes, including Birkbeck College, University of London, Beijing Normal University, and University of Cambridge. From 1999, he works full time for Peking University. He is a corresponding fellow of the Rodin Remediation Academy, an Associate Editor of BMC Neuroscience, and an advisory board member of Scientific Report, and Language and Cognitive Processes. He received the “National Award for Yong Scientists in China” in 2001 and the “Natural Science Prize of Chinese Universities” from the Ministry of Education of China in 2004. He was honored as “Changjiang Scholar Professor” in 2013 by the Ministry of Education of China.

Zhou has been in charge of several research projects supported by the UK Economic and Social Research Council, National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Education of China. He has three main research interests. The first one is on language processing, including visual and spoken language comprehension and the development of reading abilities in normal and dyslexic children. Recent work focuses on neuropragmatics. The second one is on social neuroscience, particularly issues related to social cognition, social emotion, and neuroeconomics. The third one is on attentional selection and executive controls.

His selected publications include:

  • Wu, Y., Yu, H., Yu, R., Zhou, Z., Zhang, G., Jiang, Y., & Zhou, X. (in press). Neural basis of increased costly norm enforcement under adversity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.
  • Zhang, Y., Tang, A. C., & Zhou, X. (in press). Synchronized network activity as the origin of a P300 component in a facial attractiveness judgment task. Psychophysiology.
  • Wu, F., Luo, Y., & Zhou, X. (in press). Building Chinese relative clause structures with lexical and syntactic cues: Evidence from visual-world eyetracking and reading times. Language and Cognitive Processes.

Credits to Peking University

Published: 17 March 2014

Last update: 04 April 2015

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Fred Mast

Fred MastFred Mast is a full professor of Psychology at the University of Bern in Switzerland. He specialised in mental imagery, sensorimotor processing, and visual perception.He directs the Cognitive Psychology, Perception, and Research Methods Section at the Department of Psychology of the University of Bern.

Mast was born and raised in Wil (Eastern Switzerland) and studied Psychology, Philosophy, and Neurophysiology at the University of Zurich where he also obtained his PhD in 1995 working with Professor Norbert Bischof. He taught Perception, Cognition, Psychophysics, and Neuroscience at the University of Zurich and at the Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ). In 1998 he moved to the US and became a Research Associate at the Department of Psychology at Harvard University working with Professor Stephen Kosslyn and had a part-time appointment at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

He returned to Switzerland in 2002 to join the Faculty of Arts at the University of Zurich and obtained his Habilitation (“venia legendi”) a year later. In 2005 he became a full professor for Cognitive Psychology at the University of Lausanne (2005-2008). He was also the coordinator for Cognitive Psychology teaching at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL).

His recent publications include:

  • Mast, F., Kosslyn, S.M. & Berthoz. A. (1999). Visual mental imagery interferes with allocentric orientation judgements. NeuroReport, 10, 3549-3553.
  • Mast, F.W., Berthoz, A. & Kosslyn, S.M. (2001). Mental imagery of visual motion modifies the perception of roll vection stimulation. Perception, 30, 945-957.
  • Mast, F.W. & Kosslyn, S.M. (2002). Eye movements during visual mental imagery. Trends in Cognitive Science, 6, 271-272.

Credits to University of Bern

Published: 13 March 2014

Last update: 23 April 2015

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Rolf Reber

Rolf ReberRolf Reber  is professor of psychology at the University of Oslo. He is known for his research on processing fluency, especially the processing fluency theory of aesthetic pleasure he developed together with Norbert Schwarz from the University of Michigan and Piotr Winkielman from the University of California at San Diego.

The core assumption of the theory is that an audience draws aesthetic pleasure from the fact that an object can be processed easily, especially if a viewer remains unaware of the source of this processing ease. This theory resolves an apparent contradiction between the uniformity of musical preferences in infants and the cultural differences of musical tastes in adults. Infants prefer consonant melodies because newborns share biological mechanisms that make them process consonance in music more easily than dissonance. When children grow up, they are exposed to the music of their culture, explaining why individuals from different cultures have different musical tastes. In addition, research found that processing fluency influences both affect and the judged truth of statements, suggesting that ease of processing is a common underlying experience in both perceived beauty and judged truth. This observation fits anecdotal observations that mathematicians and scientists sometimes use beauty of a theorem as an indication for its truth, an idea that has been explored in more recent work.Processing fluency and its effects can help explain the ‘Aha’-experience. The processing fluency theory of aesthetic pleasure has influenced work in psychology, philosophy, marketing, and finance. An extension of the processing fluency theory takes account of the fact that many artworks are difficult to process. Nevertheless, audiences interpret these artworks in a meaningful way and like them.

Rolf Reber is author of two popular science books in German, among them ‘Kleine Psychologie des Alltäglichen’ (A brief psychology of everyday life) which has been translated into Korean and Chinese.

Published: 08 March 2014

Last update: 23 April 2015

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Lia Kvavilashvili

Lia KvavilashviliLia Kvavilashvili’s research sheds light on memory processes in a variety of everyday contexts. For example, how do we remember to take a medication or keep an appointment (prospective memory); why do certain memories, words or tunes pop into our mind unexpectedly (involuntary memories) or repeatedly (intrusive memories); or how do we remember emotionally arousing and significant events (flashbulb memories)? She also studies the developmental aspects of these memory processes in children and old age, as well as their manifestation in various clinical conditions (e.g., schizophrenia, depression).

Her undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in psychology were both obtained in Tbilisi, Georgia (former Soviet Union) at Tbilisi State University and Uznadze Institute of Psychology, respectively. In 1993, she came to UK as a Royal Society Postdoctoral Fellow to work with Judi Ellis at the University of Wales College of Cardiff.  She joined the Department of Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire, in the capacity of Independent Research Fellow, in 1995.

To learn more about her research or to participate in her experiments, feel free to visit her website.

Credits to Lia Kvavilashvili.

Published: 07 March 2014

Last update: 04 April 2015

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