Michael Addis

Michael AddisMichael Addis is a Professor at Department of Psychology at Clark University. Addis received his BA from University of California, Berkeley in 1987 and his PhD from University of Washington, Seattle in 1995. He has been at Clark since 1995.

Addis is currently interested in theory and research related to men’s mental health. In his work he focuses on links between the social learning and social construction of masculinity, and the way men experience, express, and respond to problems in their lives. Addis’s current research is funded by the National Institute of Mental Health and seeks to understand psychosocial barriers to men’s use of mental health services. Addis is a past recipient of the New Researcher Award from the Association for the Advancement of Behaviour Therapy and the David Shakow Early Career Award for Contributions to the Science and Practice of Clinical Psychology from the American Psychological Association. He is past President-Elect of the Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity, Division 51 of the American Psychological Association.

His recent publications include:

  • Berger, J.L., Addis, M.E., Green, J.D., Mackowiak, C., & Goldberg, V. (in press). Men’s reactions to mental health labels, forms of help-seeking, and sources of help-seeking advice. Psychology of Men and Masculinity.
  • Syzdek, M. R., Addis, M. E., Green, J. D., Whorley, M. R., & Berger, J. L. (in press). Effects of gender-based motivational interviewing on help-seeking and internalizing symptoms in men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity.
  • Addis, M.E. & Schwab, J.R. (2013). Theory and Research on Gender is Always Precarious. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 14, 114-116.

You can view his CV here.

Credits to Clark University

Published: 04 November 2014

Last update: 22 April 2015

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J. Philippe Rushton

J. Philip RushtonJ. Philippe Rushton was born in Bournemouth, United Kingdom, in 1943. His father was a building contractor; his mother was French and gave him his middle name. They then emigrated to South Africa and later to Canada so he went to school in several places. Rushton returned to England and earned a BSc in psychology from Birkbeck, University of London in 1970 and in 1973 received his PhD from the London School of Economics for work on altruism in children. He then moved to the University of Oxford for a one-year post-doc to continue his research on personality development in children. After that he returned to Canada where he taught at York University from 1974-1976 and the University of Toronto until 1977. He then moved to the University of Western Ontario where he was made a full professor in 1985. Rushton then received a DSc from the University of London in 1992.

Rushton’s research interest was altruism. Why people help others poses a challenge for theories of human development and evolution. His early work focused on the social learning of generosity in 7- to 11-year-old children. After writing a book, Altruism, Socialization, and Society, 1980, examining the influence of the family, the educational system, and the mass media, he broadened his approach to include sociobiology and behavioral genetics. Rushton then carried out twin studies using the University of London Twin Register in the U.K. and found that individual differences in empathy and nurturance are about 50% heritable. So are individual differences in aggression and crime. Some of these differences are mediated by testosterone.

More controversial was his work on race differences. In new studies and reviews of the world literature, he consistently found that East Asians and their descendants average a larger brain size, greater intelligence, more sexual restraint, slower rates of maturation, and greater law abidingness and social organisation than do Europeans and their descendants who average higher scores on these dimensions than do Africans and their descendants. To explain this pattern he proposed a gene-based evolutionary theory. His book, Race, Evolution, and Behavior reviews the theory and many of the data sets.

See also his book’s homepage: Charles Darwin Research.org

Credits to University of Western Ontario

Published: 19 March 2014

Last update: 14 August 2015

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